Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah
Virtue: “There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of Tahleel, (La ilaaha ill-Allah), Takbeer (Allaho Akbar) and Tahmeed (Alhamdo Lillah).” (Musnad Ahmad)
“When you see the new moon of Dhul-Hijjah, if any one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, then he should stop cutting his hair and nails until he has offered his sacrifice.” (Sahih Muslim)
These days also include the day of Nahr (Qurbani), the greatest day of the entire year and the greatest day of Arafah, day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike any other day.
Fasting: It is Sunnah to fast on the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of Arafah. Fasting on this day will expiate for the sins of two years.
Takbeer: It is Sunnah to say Takbeer during these days, “Allaho Akbar, Allaho Akbar, La-Ilaha ill-Allah, waAllaho Akbar, Allaho Akbar, waLillahil -hamd”
Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, There is no God but Allah, and Allah is the greatest Allah is the greatest, and all praise is for Allah. Men should read these phrases out loud, and women should read them quietly.
Qurbani: One of the good deeds that will bring a person closer to Allah during these ten days is offering a Qurbani, by choosing a high-quality animal and spending money for the sake of Allah.
2.Qurbani and its Reward, Obligation & Qurbani Animal:
Qurbani and its Reward: “It is neither their flesh nor their blood that reaches Allah; it is your piety that reaches Him.” (22:37) “Qurbani is the way of your fore father Ibrahim. There is a reward for every hair.” (Ibn Majah)
“There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgment with its horn, hair and hooves. Allah accepts the sacrifice before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, sacrifice with an open and happy heart.” (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)
Obligation: Qurbani is obligatory on each Muslim (male or female) who holds a Nisab i.e. minimal level of wealth. It is highly virtuous for one on whom Qurbani is not obligatory to offer sacrifice for the pleasure of Allah. He will be eligible for all the reward mentioned in the Ahadeeth.
“Whoever has the capacity to sacrifice and does not do so, should not come to the place where Eid prayer is offered.” (Hadith; Ibne Majah)
If someone out of his/her ignorance and negligence did not offer Qurbani, he should then give the price of Qurbani as Sadaqah. This does not mean that the Sadaqah is an alternative.
Distribution: Small animal e.g. Sheep and goats count as one share per animal. Large animal e.g. cattle and camels are divided into seven shares per animal, i.e. the Qurbani of seven persons is allowed with a large animal.
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